《大學英語》真題複習資料

2018-10-20 19:19

------學院專升本課程測試試題
 
I、  命題院部:            
II、 課程名稱:        大學英語(非英語專業)         
III、 考生所在學校:                                   
IV、 測試學生:           20 年專升本學生            
V、 考試時間:2小時
VI、總分:100分
VII、問卷頁數(A4):  12 頁
答卷頁數(A4):  3  頁(其中標准答題卡一張)
VIII、考試方式:閉卷
 
IX、注意事項
1、考生在“外語考試答題卡”“考號”欄填寫自己的“准考證號”,並將下面相應的數字塗黑。在答題卷密封線內填寫推薦學校、專業、報考專業及准考證號
2、客觀題的答案一律做在外語考試答題卡上,凡是寫在試卷上的答案一律無效。主觀題的答案直接寫在答題卷上。
3、交卷時,務必將試卷、答題卡答題卷分開上交。
 
 
 
 
Part I              Listening Comprehension      (20%
Section A            Short Conversations           (10%)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. After each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversations and the questions will be read only once. For each question, there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Decide on the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
 
01. A) Cleaning the room                  B) Doing shopping  
C) Having a dinner                    D) Doing exercise.
 
02. A) A shoemaker                      B) A policeman      
C) A customer                       D) A shop assistant
 
03. A) She wants to watch TV.              B) Another one is beautiful.
C) Advertisement affects her.            D) She wants to buy the first one.
 
04. A) Lily likes her friends.     
B) Lily doesn’t like to chat on the Internet with her friends.
C) Lily likes to surf the Internet.           
D) Lily likes to chat on the Internet with her friends.
 
05. A) The English teacher has not been busy.
B) The woman has troubled the English teacher very much.
C) The woman has never troubled the English teacher.
D) The man has troubled the English teacher.
 
06. A) He can finish his assignment.         
B) He can’t afford a computer right now.
C) The woman can use his computer.     
D) The man should buy a computer right now.
 
07. A) He doesn’t have enough money to buy a house.
B) He really doesn’t want to buy a house.
C) He plans to buy a house in a little while.
D) He will have enough money for a house soon.
 
08. A) People in classroom are making much noise.
B) The woman should not go to the classroom.
C) The classroom will be possibly a good place.
D) It’s better to stay in the library.
 
09. A) He will definitely buy this T-shirt.
B) He will not buy the T-shirt.
C) He will wear the T-shirt to keep mosquitoes away.
D) He will go shopping.
 
10. A) He is an old friend of Henry’s sister.
B) He is able to identify her.
C) She will possibly get lost at the railway station.
D) He works hard very well.
 
Section B         Short  Passages                      (10%)
Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. After each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be read only once. For each question, there are 4 choices marked A), B), C) and D). Decide on the best answer and then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage 1
Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
 
11. A) To enjoy the delicious food.
B) To study French.
C) To study Art.
D) To immigrate to France.
 
12. A) He was very busy with his studies.
B) He couldn’t afford them.
C) He had to pay visits to his friends.
D) He was only concerned about food.
 
13. A) The food was very delicious.
B) His good friends were there.
C) His life became better after that.
D) He began to make money after that dinner.
 
Passage 2
Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
 
14. A) To make more profit.
B) To advertise products.
C) To draw readers’ attention.
D) To convey the news to readers.
 
15. A) Radio.    B) Television.    C) Telegraph.    D) Internet.
 
16. A) By the latest news.          B) Through advertising.
C) By means of colored paper.   D) Through communication.
 
Passages 3
Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
 
17. A) It increases the size of the heart.
B) It increases the heart rate.
C) It removes the chest tightness.
D) It improves the coordination of the body.
 
18. A) Jogging is an efficient form of exercise.
B) Jogging requires no skills.
C) Jogging can be joined by almost everyone.
D) Jogging takes very little time.
 
19. A) The stress of running is greater than the stress of walking.
B) The stress of running is less than the stress of walking.
C) The stress of running is about the same as the stress of walking.
D) Running can bring less stress to the feet and legs.
 
20. A) Joggers can run faster with them.
B) They keep the feet warm and dry.
C) They help absorb the stress of jogging.
D) They are not easily worn out.
 
 
Part Ⅱ          Reading Comprehension             (40%)
Directions: There are four reading passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four suggested answers marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the best answer to each question. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.  
 
Passage one
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
What is your favorite color? Do you like yellow, orange, red? If you do, you must be an optimist, a leader, an active person who enjoys life, people and excitement. Do you prefer grays and blues? Then you are probably quiet, shy, and you would rather follow than lead. You tend to be a pessimist. At least, this is what psychologists tell us, and they should know, because they have been seriously studying the meaning of color preference, as well as the effect that colors have on human beings. They tell us among other facts, that we do not choose our favorite color as we grow up --- we are born with our preference. If you happen to love brown, you did so, as soon as you opened your eyes, or at least as soon as you could see clearly.
    Colors do influence our moods --- there is no doubt about it. A yellow room makes most people feel more cheerful and more relaxed than a dark green one; and a red dress brings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day. On the other hand, black is depressing. A black bridge over the Thames River, near London, used to be the scene of more suicides than any other bridge in the area --- until it was repainted green. The number of suicide attempts immediately fell sharply; perhaps it would have fallen even more if the bridge had been done in pink or baby blue.
    Light and bright colors make people not only happier but more active. It is an established fact that factory workers work better, harder, and have fewer accidents when their machines are painted orange rather than black or grey.
21.The author regards the psychologists’ findings as ____.
A) groundless                    B) unnecessary
C) reasonable                    D) great
22. According to the psychologists, people’s color preference ___.
A) is inherent in them
B) is gradually developed in their growing up
C) is imposed on them by their parents
D) can be changed sometimes
23. It can be concluded from the passage that it’s better to paint the dining room ____.
A) grey                            B) blue
C) white                           D) yellow
24. The example of the bridge is used to illustrate that ____.
A) people tend to kill themselves by jumping from the bridges
B) color of the bridges can affect people to a great degree
C) the bridge should have been repainted earlier
D) color can kill people sometimes
25. In the factories, machines are painted ____ to make the workers more active.
A) grey                            B) black
C) orange                          D) red Keys
 
Passage Two
Questions 26 to 30are based on the following passage.
American cities are similar to other cities around the world. In every country, cities reflect the values of the culture. Cities contain the very best aspects of a society: opportunities for education, employment, and entertainment. They also contain the very worst parts of a society: violent crime, racial conflict, and poverty. American cities are changing, just as American society is changing.
    After World War II, city residents became wealthier, more prosperous. They had more children. They needed more space. They moved out of their apartments in the city to buy their own homes. They bought houses in the suburbs, areas near a city where people live. These are areas without many offices or factories. During the 1950s the American “dream” was to have a house in the suburbs.
    Now things are changing. The children of the people who left the cities in the 1950s are now adults. They, unlike their parents, want to live in the cities. Many young professionals, doctors, lawyers, and executives, are moving back into the city. Many are single; others are married, but often without children. They prefer the city to the suburbs because their jobs are there; they are afraid of the fuel shortage; or they just enjoy the excitement and opportunities which the city offers. A new class is moving into the city -- a wealthier, more mobile class.
    Only a few years ago, people thought that the older American cities were dying. Some city residents now see a bright, new future. Others see only problems and conflicts. One thing is sure: Many dying cities are alive again.
26. Paragraph 1 ______.
A) explains why American cities are changing
B) is a description of cities
C) shows that American cities have many problems
D) says: American cities contain the very best aspects of a society
27. In the 1950s the American “dream” was ______.
A) to have a color TV set               B) to have a big car
C) to buy an apartment in the city         D) to buy a new house in the suburbs
28. In paragraph 3, the author gives ______ reasons why people want to live in cities.
A) two                              B) three
C) four                              D) five
29. According to the article, cities are ______.
A) sick                             B) alive again
C) living                            D) dying
30. The movement of people to and from the city can explain _______.
A) social changes                     B) violent crime
C) racial conflict                 D) the best aspects of a society
 
Passage Three
Questions 31 to 35are based on the following passage.
The first celebrations in honor of mothers were held in the spring in ancient Greece. They paid tribute to Rhea, the Mother of the Gods.
    In the United States, Julia Ward Howe suggested the idea of Mother’s Day in 1872. Howe, who wrote the words to the Battle Hymn of the Republic, saw Mother’s Day as being dedicated to peace.
    Anna Jarvis of Philadelphia is credited with bringing about the official observance of Mother’s Day. Her campaign to establish such a holiday began as a remembrance of her mother, who died in 1905 and who had, in the late 19th century, tried to establish “Mother’s Friendship Days” as a way to heal the scars of the Civil War.
    Two years after her mother died, Javis held a ceremony in Grafton, West Virginia to honor her. She was so moved by the proceedings that she began a massive campaign to adopt a formal holiday honoring mothers. In 1910, West Virginia became the first state to recognize Mother’s Day. A year later, nearly every state officially marked the day. In 1914, President Woodrow Wilson officially proclaimed Mother’s Day as a national holiday to be held on the second Sunday of May.
    Today, many celebrations of Mother’s Day are held throughout the world. Although they do not all fall at the same time, such countries as Denmark, Finland, Italy, Turkey, Australia and Belgium also celebrate Mother’s Day on the same day as the United States.
31. Mother’s Day was regarded as a nationwide official holiday in the U. S. in ____.
A) 1872                          B) 1905
C) 1910                          D) 1914
32. Howe suggested people to observe Mother’s Day for ___.
A) peace                         B) comforting mothers
C) love                          D) honoring God
33. Javis’ mother ____.
A) worked hard to gain official recognition of Mother’s Day
B) help start the observance of Mother’s Friendship Days
C) wanted to do something to help people recover from the Civil War
D) instructed Javis to start a campaign for Mother’s Day
34. Javis started the campaign for Mother’s Day in ____.
A) 1872                         B) 1905
C) 1907                         D) 1910
35. Which description about Mother’s Day is true?
A) Howe was the first person coming up with the idea of Mother’s Day.
B) Javis started the campaign for Mother’s Day at the request of her mother.
C) Mother’s Day doesn’t necessarily falls on the same day.
D) All the States in the U.S. started to observe Mother’s Day before 1910.
 
Passage Four
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage.
    Most western people regard the cat as a pet and cherish it very much. It is reported that some famous western person look on the cat as their child, but others hate it in their bones. This forms a very sharp contrast.
    The famous British prime minister Winston Churchill loved cats very much in his later years. He raised a white cat. Whenever he had his meal, he must share it with his cat, or he would have no desire to eat his meal and he would also be in low spirits. Sometimes his loving cat wasn’t at the table. He must send his servant to find it or he wouldn’t have his meal until his cat came back. It’s hard for us to understand this.
    The well-known American general Bert Lears always mentioned the cats he raised whenever he wrote to his family. In the war between America and Mexico he wrote to his daughter, Alice, asking her to send his big cat to his big headquarters at the front, as soon as possible. He wanted the cat to boost his courage and cheer him up. As a result, he was triumphant in battle.
But, on the other hand there are some famous persons who hate cats terribly. The most terrible behavior may be from the famous English poet Percy Bysse Shelley. Shelley wrote his poems with affection, but treated his cats unfriendly. Once when he flied a kite to make an electricity experiment like Franklin, he tightly tied up a male cat under the kite. Then he sent the kite into the air in the presence of wind and lightning, accompanied by crashes of thunder. The cat with a sorrowful voice was burned to death like a piece of coal. However, Shelley was very happy. If Shelley had taken this action today in England, he would be sentenced to imprisonment for life and fined a lot of money because of killing the animal.
36. Churchill loved his cat so much so that ____.
A) he would have no appetite in the absence of the cat
B) he would ask his servants to give some food to the cat whenever he ate something
C) he slept with the cat at nights
D) he would not do anything without the company of the cat
37. Lears sent for his big cat most probably because ____.
A) it could bring him good luck
B) he missed the cat very much
C) in the presence of the cat, he could be in high spirits
D) he needed the cat to encourage his soldiers to fight bravely
38. Which of the following statements is TRUE?
A) Churchill had meals with his cat in his later years.
B) Lears eventually lost the battle.
C) Churchill’s cat often ran out of the house.
D) Lears’cat had certain magic power.
39. When Shelley flied the kite, there was no____.
A) wind                       B) lightning
C) rain                        D) thunder
40. According to the passage, had Shelley lived in modern times, ____.
A) he would treat animals more friendly
B) he would be able to write more affectionate poems
C) he would have no chance to raise a cat
D) he would be put into prison for his cruel acts
 
Part III           Vocabulary and Structure         (15%)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.  
41.   I ______ advantage of the opportunity of visiting the sights of Paris.
  A) brought B) caught C) obtained D) took
 
42. I am interested in ______ you have told me.
  A) which B) all that C) all what D) that
 
43. TOEFL is for those _______ native language is not English.
  A) that B) whom C) which D) whose
 
44.                             He looked as if he ________ ill for a long time.
  A) was B) were C) has been D) had been
 
45.                             _____ coal, the most important natural fuels are gas and oil.
  A) Apart from B) Except for C) Except D) Beside
 
46.                             The book is worth ________.
  A) to read   B)look at C) reading D)to be read
 
47.                             Do you mind _____ here?
  A) me to smoke B) my smoking C) my smoke D) for me to smoke
 
48.                             It’s a long trip, ________ road you take.
  A) whatever B) whenever C) whoever D) whichever
 
49.                             He didn’t go out to play ___________ he had finished his homework.
  A) until B) if  C) since D) but
 
50.                             It _________ twelve o’clock now; there is nobody in the street.
  A) can be B) will be C) should be  D) must be
 
51.                             Her careless resulted _____ an accident.
  A) from                               B) to   C) with D) in
 
52.                            
 
The professor _____ yesterday is not here today.
  A) whom you spoke B) you spoke C) that you spoke D) to whom you spoke
 
53.                            I’ve ________ for another job. Maybe I will move to another city soon.
  A) claimed B) competed C) applied D) qualified
 
54.                             The promising young man is not only the most popular singer on the campus ________ an amateur composer.
  A) but also B) and also C) as well as D) as well
 
55.                             Not until after the examinations ________ how he had idled his time away.
  A) he realized B) when he realized C) did he realize D) when did he realize
 
56.   He does not ______ his fellow workers and there are often different opinions between them.
  A) put up with B) keep up with C) get along with D) go on with
 
57.   Some of the suggestions have been _____ but others have been turned down as they are quite impracticable.
  A) received B) accepted C) adapted D) adopted
 
58.   The report ______ careful consideration.
  A) deserts B) descends C) deserves D) desires
 
59.   The people living in these apartments have free ____ to that swimming pool.
  A) access B) excess C) excursion D) recreation
 
60.   It was not until she had arrived home ____ remembered her appointment with the doctor.
  A) when she B) that she C) and she D) she
 
61.   We are about to ____ a revolution in transport both above and below the surface of the sea.
  A) give B) handle C) establish D) witness
 
62.   The traveler left two _____ in the hotel in a hurry.
  A) luggages B) luggage C) pieces of luggages D) pieces of luggage
 
63.   You’d better hurry. The food is ________ cold.
  A) going B) getting C) changing D) growing
 
64.   They are all employees of a _____ venture.
  A) merged B) combined C) together D) joint
 
65.   Jessica thoroughly enjoyed the voyage and was _____ bit seasick.
  A) nothing but B) not in the least C) at any rate D) by all accounts
 
66.   It was during the Johnson administration that the American students _____ against the way in which the income tax was collected.
  A) prevented B) proposed C) protested D) protected
 
67.   It’s not polite to ____ when someone is talking.
  A) interfere B) interpret C) interrupt D) interval
 
68.   To be frank, I’d rather you _____ in the case.
  A) will not be involved C) not to be involved
  B) not involved D) were not involved
 
69.   Darwin believed that modern men and apes have both been _____ from the same ancestor.
  A) extended B) preserved C) descended D) transformed
 
70.   When you take the medicine, be careful not to ____ that amount printed on the bottle.
  A) exceed B) surpass C) substitute D) overcome
 
Part IV              Cloze                         (10%)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) the paper. You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
You have been badly injured in a car accident. It is necessary to give you a blood transfusion(輸血)  71  you lost  72  blood in the accident. However, special care must be  73  in selecting  74  blood for you. If the blood is too different  75  your own, the transfusion could  76  you.
    There are four  77  types of blood: A, B, AB and O. A simple test can indicate  78  blood type. Everybody  79  one of these four types of blood. Blood type,  80  hair color and height, is inherited from parents.
    Because of substances contained  81  each type, the four groups must be transfused carefully.  82 , A and B cannot be  83  and A and B cannot receive AB,  84  AB may receive A or B. O can give to any other group; hence, it is often called the universal donor. For the opposite reason, AB is sometimes called the  85  recipient. However, because so many  86  can occur in transfusions, patients usually receive only salt or plasma (liquid) until their blood can be  87  as exactly as possible in the blood bank of a hospital. In this way, it is possible to avoid any bad reactions  88  the transfusion.
    There is a relationship  89  your blood type and your nationality. Among Europeans and people of European ancestry, about 42 percent have type A while 45 percent have type O. The rarest is type AB. Other races have  90  percentages. For example, some American Indian groups have nearly 100 percent type O.
 
71. A) because B) for C) as D) when
72. A) some B) too many C) many D) a great deal of
73. A) held B) brought C) taken D) given
74. A) another B) new C) other D) either
75. A) from B) to C) with D) by
76. A) lose B) damage C) kill D) catch
77. A) indifferent B) different C) main D) basic
78. A) persons’ B) a person’s C) person’s D) person
79. A) is born with B) is born by C) is born of D) is born from
80. A) as B) with C) like D) unlike
81. A) at B) in C) for D) between
82. A) However B) Otherwise C) Basically D) Generally
83. A) in mess B) mixed C) melt D) joined
84. A) but B) so C) not D) neither
85. A) popular B) universal C) common D) ordinary
86. A) reactions B) damages C) responds D) reflections
87. A) watched B) mated C) found D) matched
88. A) in B) from C) to D) for
89. A) between B) of C) among D) at
90. A) different B) same C) similar D) only
 
Part VI                 Writing                (15%)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic How to Eliminate (消除) Cheating on Campus? You should write at least 100 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:
1. 當前校園中存在許多作弊現象
2. 解決這一問題的辦法是…… 

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